Life Span Perspective Essays

Life Span Perspectives Essay

Lifespan Perspective PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 2


Lifespan Perspective

Shayolonda Herron

University of Phoenix

Lifespan Perspective

Every one goes through many stages in life beginning at the time of conception, throughout life, and finally in death. Human development is important to psychologists because it can provide insight about a person and the stage he or she may be experiencing in life based on age-related changes in behavior, emotions, personality, and thought processes (Boyd & Bee, 2009). The interest of changes throughout a person's life, from childhood through adulthood, has developed into a psychological area of study called the lifespan perspective. This modern perspective believes that interdisciplinary research is important in the understanding of lifespan development as well as understanding that each individual, of all ages, can change and develop through many different contexts (Boyd & Bee, 2009). This paper will continue to describe the characteristics of the lifespan perspective, identify the different stages and domains of human development, and examine current concerns within this area of study.

The lifespan perspective on human development, as mentioned, includes research from different perspectives, such as psychology, economics, biology, anthropology, and education. Developmentalists also understand that through each stage of development, an individual changes within his or her family environment, society, their neighborhood, and culturally, and does so in certain stages of development (Boyd & Bee, 2009). Development is defined with three different elements. The first element is change. Change is development that involves progress from one state into another. The second element is that this change has a permanent influence or impression on the individual (Smith, 1999). Although developmental change is not just any change. The advancement through a certain stage, otherwise called maturation is the last element of development. Annenberg Media Learner.Org (2010) explains that these stages are called domains and that the lifespan perspective has three: biological, cognitive, and psychosocial. Biological, or physical, development is bodily changes, maturation, and growth. Cognitive development is the mental growth processes that include attention, memory, learning, reasoning, problem-solving, knowledge, perception, language, and thinking. Psychosocial, or societal, development includes changes in social interactions. Boyd & Bee (2009) also point out that social development includes personality traits and one's own self perception.

Within the three domains of lifespan development, each domain has nine periods. It is also important to remember that each period is an approximate age and progress to and through these stages differ slightly between individuals. The following stages, according to Annenberg Media...

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The expansive array of financial status, sexual orientations, ethnicities, ages, nationalities, and cultures afford the perspective a multi-dimensional viewpoint which seeks the identification of differences and similarities that are natural and universal in every human being. Consequently, Life Span Perspective is multidirectional in accepting and embracing changes. It is characterized by natural evolution in different directions and not through linear and mechanistic perspectives. It covers losses and gains, unexpected transformations, as well as natural growth that can be predicted. The perspective is multi-contextual in the sense that it harbors life in a myriad of contexts, events, and situations. It is similarly multicultural and this nature enables it apply similar fundamental parameters across cultures, accepting the fact that people’s development is affected by many cultures.Additionally, the perspective is composed of informative insights and contributions from a variety of fields apart from psychology, and is as such deemed to be multidisciplinary. The development of humans is plastic, with its primary characteristics being change and development. This attributed to the fact that individual traits can be modified or altered at different stages across their lifespan. The capacity for plasticity or positive change as a response to demands by the environment can occur across the individual’s entire lifespan. The Lifespan Perspective draws its influence from the past....
The capacity for plasticity or positive change as a response to demands by the environment can occur across the individual’s entire lifespan. The Lifespan Perspective draws its influence from the past, and this makes it embedded in history (Berger 2008). The Lifespan Perspective encompasses three prime developmental domains. The physical domain is linked to physical changes experienced by individuals. Some of the physical changes that the physical domain identifies with include; shape changes, height, puberty and weight fluctuation (Hoare 2006). The cognitive domain is linked to issues of cognitions such as memory, thinking, and the decision-making process. All cognitive functions are classified in this domain. Final is the social domain. It entails variable changes ascribed to an individual’s relationship to others. For example, studies conducted on the social skills that children have fall under the social domain; so do studies conducted on individual personality differences (Boyd & Bee, 2006). Lifespan Development Theories Sigmund Freud’s Theory of Psychoanalysis Freud’s perspective holds that human behavior starts with unconscious drives and conflicts. He came up with three stages in the development of a child. They include; phallic, anal, and oral. The conclusion he drew was that how a parent reacts to the erotic drives of a child creates a lasting and deep influence on lifelong development and personality. Freud highlights that the three child development stages are characterized by the body adopting an erotic nature. The first stage occurs during infancy and is known as the oral stage. It is centered on the mouth. During the child’s early years, the ...Show more

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