Should teens undergo cosmetic surgery?
In today's society the picture of beauty is a rail thin super model with the body of a goddess posted on billboards all around the world. Children are brought up playing with Barbie dolls with the body measurements of would be 39, 18, 38. Because of these pictures and other figures of beauties projected all over, today teenagers are convinced to believe that to be beautiful and happy they must look like these images. According to a survey by Bliss Magazine, Four in ten teenage girls have considered plastic surgery and two thirds of the 2,000 girls quizzed, average age 14, said the pressure came from celebrities with perfect bodies and boys. (BBC news)
Society today has brain washed not only today's teenage girls, but also the boys to believe that in order for a person to look beautiful they must look like the images seen on television, in movies and on the cover of magazines. These images portray grotesquely thin women and muscular men with the infamous six-pack abs. The Hollywood figures that are so famous for their looks and bodies also encourage the belief that thin is beautiful. These images are plastered all over billboards, television shows, commercials and magazine advertisements. With all these visions of beauty seen everywhere in teens' every day life, they feel compelled to look just like those images. To most, the easiest way to achieve this is by having cosmetic surgery performed. This, however, can be a dangerous choice. But no matter how good the technological advancements are, there is always the risk of not only the surgery resulting in unwanted outcomes but in some cases, death.
There are risks or complications associated with any surgical procedure including bleeding, infection, ugly scarring and anesthesia-related risks. According to Todd M. Wider, M.D., a plastic surgeon at St. Luke's/Roosevelt Hospital in New York City, "Each plastic surgery procedure carries its own risk". (Wider) Therefore, I personally think that teens should not undergo cosmetic surgery because of medical complications, high cost and no guarantees of satisfaction.
Even though cosmetic plastic surgery offers a world of possibilities for teenagers to be thin and attractive, it is not without risks. "There are risks or complications associated with any surgical procedure including bleeding, infection, ugly scarring and anesthesia-related risks." (Wider) Therefore, teenagers who are looking into having a surgical procedure performed should take these risks into account.
One of the most popular procedures among teens is breast augmentation either because they want to attract men or just to look better. This procedure, however, is not without risks. Complications that could occur are delaying wound with diabetes, history of radiation, autoimmune disease, smokers, capsular contracture, bleeding, infection, and irregularity of skin. After having surgery there is swelling, and there may be some asymmetry. The first week a patient cannot lift anything or exercise. Moreover, According to Wider, recent studies have suggested that implants may interfere with mammography, possibly hindering early detection of breast cancer.
Another common procedure among adolescents is liposuction. This procedure also has some potential risks according to Todd M. Wider, MD. "Although most patients walk away satisfied, serious complications can occur. The most feared is fat embolism syndrome, when fat gets loosened during the procedure and pieces lodge in the lungs, potentially causing death. Other complications include: numbness, burns, waviness, and accidental organ puncture." (Wider) According to USA today, one study found that one out of 50,000 liposuction surgery patients die. (USA today)
Another risk that needs to be taken into account is the fact that most teenagers cannot afford the best surgeons due to the high cost, so they turn to 'discount' price plastic surgeons that claim to offer professional service for a low price. Most of these doctors are not even properly trained to perform such drastic cosmetic surgeries. A doctor can attend a seminar at a hotel and in a few hours, learn how to perform liposuction. This, then, may increase even higher risks for teens that undergo cosmetic surgery.
Apart from medical complications that could occur, the cost of cosmetic surgery is another factor that teens should take into account. Cosmetic surgery can be very expensive especially for adolescences that are still in school and do not have a lot of income. According to BBC, The average price of a "boob job" is around Ðˆ3,000. A nose op or liposuction costs slightly less. (BBC news) And due to the high cost of these surgeries, it is no surprise that some teenagers may go into debt to finance the surgery by taking out a bank loan or other credit.
Cosmetic surgery today has become a booming business which makes a lot of money for surgeons. And no one else is better qualified for potential customers than self-conscious teenagers who wish there were a thing or two that could be changed on their bodies. Once they walk into the rooms, doctors will say everything they can to persuade them to have as many things done as possible in order to get more money out of their pockets. The commercial goal is to make them want the most extensive surgery at the highest cost they can afford. Since insurance does not cover it, doctors can charge whatever they like. Most of these teenagers are easily convinced especially when it comes to appearance since they are still young and immature--looks matter a lot to them. Therefore, chances are that they will pay whatever it takes for these extensive surgeries.
The last factor that teens need to take
Effects Of Cosmetic Surgery On Teenagers
This report aims to explore the different views held on the effects of cosmetic surgery on teenagers. The report will also provide background to the debate, its social significance, identify the parties involved and put forward the differing arguments related to the views held.
2.0 The issue and background to the debate.
Cosmetic surgery is the process of reconstructing parts of the body according to one’s own will to improve their physical appearance as to achieve beauty perfection and it has become a small but notable trend among teenagers (Collins, 2013; Virtual Medical Centre, 2010).
3.0 The social significance of the debate.
The increasing demand for cosmetic surgery by teenagers has spark the concern of the public regarding the effects of cosmetic surgery on teenagers as teenagers are simple minded and are still not mature enough to consider the long-term consequences and danger of cosmetic surgery on their bodies (Collins, 2013; Woinarowicz, 2007). Therefore, the question here is does cosmetic surgery bring positive or negative effects on teenagers?
4.0 The participants in the debate.
The main participants in this debate are the teenagers, the society, plastic surgeons and the media who have expressed differing views on the effects of cosmetic surgery on teenagers (Virtual Medical Centre, 2010; Felice , 1994;BBC news,2005)
5.0 The differing views.
5.1 Cosmetic surgery brings positive effects on teenagers
There are many who are of the opinion that cosmetic surgery brings positive
effects to teenagers by improving their physical attractiveness and self-confidence.
5.1.1 It boosts their self-esteem and confidence
Supporters of this argument claim that cosmetic surgery allows a teenager to develop self-confidence and be more relax when socializing with others. This is a merit to the socialization process of a teenager which in turn improves their communication skills (Gunn, 2010).It also allows them to fit in better with their peers. According to a study made by Professor Sawer from the University of Pennsylvania, 87 per cent of patients go through less unfavorable body image emotions in social situations (Dittmann, 2005). Moreover, The American Society of Plastic Surgeons stated that plastic surgery “encourages and promotes a strong, positive self-image … allowing an individual’s self-confidence to flourish.” (Cosmetic surgery: Making a decision, 2010). Therefore it is believed that teenagers will become more confident in themselves thus increasing their productiveness.
5.1.2 Improves physical appearance
The media emphasizes a lot on the value of beauty and physical perfection of a person and according to Diana Zuckerman, president of the National Research Center for Women and Families, the concept of unrealistic ideal beauty in the society causes teenagers to “want to fit the mold” (Ulene, 2009).It is undeniable that physical attractiveness helps in social acceptance and also increases the popularity...
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